Competing Claims

Competing claims are different explanations for the same phenomenon. Students evaluate and critique competing claims using evidence. Incorporating competing claims in science classrooms makes the lessons more authentic and engaging by providing students with a reason to argue.

The Approach video below provides an overview of this element. The other videos include activities and strategies to support students in successfully engaging students in evaluating and critiquing competing claims.

Approach: Competing Claims

Approach: Beyond Right Answers

Strategy: Revising Claims, Using the Anticipation Guide